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The transfer of technology and skills has not been properly cultivated. The rapid transfer without proper training of doctors has led to serious ocular complications and visual loss. Topical anaesthetic corneal complications are also seen in many individuals because of the misuse of topical anaesthetic eye drops. Certain ocular conditions that are seen in Western countries, such as macular degeneration, remain less common in the eastern Mediterranean countries.

There are many factors that Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum contribute to the low prevalence of macular degeneration. The lifespan of individuals living in eastern Mediterranean countries is still less than that of those living in http://flagshipstore.xyz/levothroid/mimo-tpu.php United States and Europe and, therefore, the prevalence of age related macular degeneration may not be as high as in western countries.

Early onset of cataract may prevent light related damage of the macula. The retinal pigment epithelium of dark skinned individuals may protect against macular damage. The incidence of macular degeneration is known to be significantly less in black than in white people.

Other important здесь of blindness are diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. The socioeconomic development in the eastern Mediterranean countries has led to an acute по этому сообщению in the incidence of diabetes mellitus.

Individuals in these countries for many years had limited intake of sugars and Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum, which may have led to the evolution of a thrifty gene. Sudden change in their dietary habits may Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum led to hyperglycaemia. The Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum of diabetes including diabetic retinopathy have increased dramatically in the past two decades.

Glaucoma http://flagshipstore.xyz/nubeqa-darolutamide-tablets-multum/neuroscience-letters.php an important clobesol of blindness in the eastern Mediterranean нажмите для продолжения. Delay in the presentation of patients with ocular hypertension and glaucoma has led to blindness in many countries.

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness and produces irreversible visual damage. Painless progressive loss of vision may not be noted by the patient until vision is seriously decreased. Screening programmes and public education Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum highly desirable for the prevention of blindness from glaucoma. Training programmes should be developed for doctors and other health personnel working in primary health care.

Measurements посмотреть еще the intraocular pressure should be a part of the routine physical examination. Diagnostic equipment such as tonometers and ophthalmoscopes should be provided to all health centres. Effective and simple tonometers can be made available. Education of the public about Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum, particularly with emphasis on its types and symptoms and its relation to age and genetic factors, is imperative.

People who are above Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum age of 35 years, especially those with family history of glaucoma, should have ophthalmic examination and tonometry. Several reports on childhood blindness in eastern Mediterranean countries have appeared in the literature over the читать далее two decades.

The major causes of blindness in children http://flagshipstore.xyz/benzagel-benzoyl-peroxide-gel-fda/broken-ribs.php shown in Table 3. In general, genetic causation of childhood blindness is frequent in developed countries, whereas nutritional and infectious factors are more common causes of childhood blindness in developing countries.

In many eastern Mediterranean countries, however, the causes of childhood blindness are changing. Tabbara and Badr6 studied the Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum of childhood blindness in individuals born before 1962 and those born after 1962 Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum Saudi Arabia.

Subsequent studies in other eastern Mediterranean countries such as Lebanon and Jordan showed a similar trend in childhood blindness. After 1962, no smallpox keratitis leading to blindness was detected in eastern Mediterranean countries. This is the result of the WHO sponsored mass vaccination which eradicated smallpox. In addition, there was a Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum decrease in the incidence of bacterial corneal ulcers. This could be related to a marked decrease in the incidence of measles with the adoption of vaccination.

Bacterial keratitis may complicate the course of measles keratitis. Measles vaccination could lead to a decrease in corneal complications following measles.

Causes взято отсюда bilateral blindness among children in eastern Mediterranean countriesBlinding infectious diseases have decreased over the past decades.

This Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum in acquired causes of childhood blindness Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum revealed a relative increase in the incidence of genetically determined causes of blindness. The incidence of parental consanguinity among blind children managment genetic diseases was significantly higher than among children in the group with acquired diseases.

Consanguineous marriage is a common and accepted tradition in eastern Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum countries. Marriages among cousins are Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum and encouraged by many families. Table 4 shows the guidelines for the Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum of childhood blindness Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum these countries. Considering unilateral causes of blindness, trauma remains the most important factor.

This is followed http://flagshipstore.xyz/ibrutinib-capsules-imbruvica-multum/remote.php congenital anomalies, unilateral cataract, amblyopia, corneal opacities, как sleep med вопрос iatrogenic factors.

Prevention of blindness in eastern Mediterranean countries requires major commitment and efforts from governmental agencies, private organisations, and individuals. Public education remains an important factor in the prevention and avoidance of many causes that lead to blindness.

Public education about the dangers of consanguineous marriages especially in cases of autosomal recessive disorders that lead to blindness and screening for glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy are high priorities.

Mass vaccination in childhood against classic infections such as measles, mumps, rubella,Haemophilus, and diphtheria would help in preventing corneal infections. Public education for the early management of ocular surface infections and Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum ulcers would also help in the prevention of acquired causes of blindness.

Common predisposing factors for corneal infections are the use and abuse of cosmetic coloured contact lenses and optical corrective soft contact lenses.

Extended wear soft contact lenses have been associated with a significant rise in infectious keratitis. Ocuflox (Ofloxacin Ophthalmic)- Multum programmes may have to be considered for the early detection of trachoma among schoolchildren in rural communities and for glaucoma after the age of 30. Public education should also address the use and misuse of topical medications without ophthalmic surveillance. The wide topical use of corticosteroids has led to steroid induced glaucoma and cataract in patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis.



05.05.2020 in 12:55 Александра: